Ryunosuke Akutagawa was well-versed in Western Education. He drew influence from many British and American authors. His work bridged the Western literature and Japanese tradition. This implicates Akutagawa as an accomplice to the cultural imperialism that was occurring in Japan during the Meiji and Taisho Era. This can be seen specifically as Akutagawa references The Bible. Christianity has a long history that coincides with cultural imperial which persists in Japan. Western culture was being favored over Japanese culture hurting the national identity. Akutagawa merges Western and Japanese cultures to universalize the influence of his stories and expose his audience to the most immersive experience: What does the inclusion of religious allusion in the short story say about cultural imperialism in Japan? What does the inclusion of Western religious allusion in Akutagawa’s “Hell Screen” say about his impact on Japanese society? I have sources that give context to Akutagawa’s life and the writings which he draws influence from. One is a book by Armando Janeira comparing Japanese and Western Literature. (Janeira). The other is university published and describes the influence of American Literature in Taisho Japan (Inoue). Then, I have sources that discuss cultural imperialism, its implications, and its origins. These sources come from a .edu database and a website about global policy (Petras) (“13.7 Cultural Imperialism | Understanding Media and Culture”). Then, I have an article that links Christianity and cultural imperialism which helps strengthen the claim I am attempting to make (Dunch). These connective articles both came from JSTOR databases (Davidann).
“13.7 Cultural Imperialism | Understanding Media and Culture.” Cultural Imperialism, http://open.lib.umn.edu/mediaandculture/chapter/13-7-cultural-imperialism/. Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.
Davidann, Jon. “Japanese YMCA Cultural Imperialism in Korea and Manchuria after the Russo-Japanese War.” The Journal of American-East Asian Relations, vol. 5, no. 3/4, 1996, pp. 255–76.
Dunch, Ryan. “Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Cultural Theory, Christian Missions, and Global Modernity.” History and Theory, vol. 41, no. 3, 2002, pp. 301–25.
Inoue, Ken. The Influence of American Literature in Taishō and Prewar Shōwa Japan. Apr. 2017. literature.oxfordre.com, doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190201098.013.208.
Janeira, Armando. Japanese and Western Literature: A Comparative Study. Tuttle Publishing, 2016.
Petras, James. Cultural Imperialism in the Late 20th Century. https://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/154/25597.html. Accessed 2 Nov. 2017.